Ethiopia To Remain East Africa’s Fastest Growing Economy – 2018 World Bank Forecast
The World Bank forecasts Kenya’s economy to grow by 5.5% in 2018 up from the 4.9% growth it had projected for 2017 as inflation eases.
In its January 2018 Global Economic Prospects report, the Breton Woods institution says Ethiopia is likely to remain the fastest growing economy in East Africa, but growth is expected to soften as it takes measures to stabilise government debt. Growth is expected to to firm in Tanzania on strengthening investment growth.
In the Sub-Saharan Africa, the regional economy is anticipated to pick up to 3.2% this year from 2.4% in 2017. South Africa’s economy is expected to grow by just 1.1% in 2018. This is one of the lowest growth rates in sub-Saharan Africa.
The Ethiopian economy will maintain its growth lead for the East African region according to the latest World Bank report.
The economy, however, dropped a step in growth forecast in the Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) region, falling behind Ghana. In June 2017, the WB forecast Ethiopia as the most expansive in SSA pegging growth at 8.3%.
The latest forecast puts Ethiopia at a percentage point behind Ghana. The West African nation is forecast to grow at 8.3% as against Ethiopia’s 8.2%.
The report said: “Among East African countries, Ethiopia is likely to remain the fastest growing economy, but growth is expected to soften as it takes measures to stabilize government debt. Growth is expected to recover in Kenya, as inflation eases, and to firm in Tanzania on strengthening investment growth.”
Other 2018 forecasts for the East African region’s economic giants are: Kenya (5.5%), Tanzania (6.8%), Uganda (5.1%) and Rwanda (5.9%). Ethiopia beat Kenya last year to become economic giant of the region according to the IMF.
The WB’s Global Economic Prospects report released on January 10, 2018 said there was a modest recovery underway in Sub-Saharan Africa buoyed by an improvement in commodity prices.
“Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is estimated to have rebounded to 2.4 percent in 2017, after slowing sharply to 1.3 percent in 2016, as commodity prices recovered, global financing conditions remained favorable, and slowing inflation lifted household demand,” the WB said.
Under the area of outlook, the report said regional growth was projected at 3.2% for this year up to an average of 3.6% in 2019 – 2020. It hinted at a solid performance for non-resource-intensive countries hinging it to public investment growth.
“Non-resource-intensive countries are projected to expand at a solid pace, helped by robust public investment growth. Economic activity is expected to remain solid in WAEMU, with Ivory Coast and Senegal expanding at a rapid pace,” the report added.